What is Fascism?

(Note: This is the next in my series of articles inspired by Jonah Goldberg’s book, Liberal Fascism: The Secret History of the American Left, From Mussolini to the Politics of Meaning. Click here to see my review of Liberal Fascism)

The most notable examples of fascism are Hitler’s Nazi Germany and Mussolini’s Italy during the same era. Most people think fascism was defeated during World Ward II and scarcely exists in the world today. But according to Jonah Goldberg in his book Liberal Fascism, fascism is alive an well today and is in fact thriving in one of America’s major political movements.

Fascism Difficult to Define
The first step in demonstrating that fascist policies are thriving in America is to define fascism, a harder step than you might think. Most people tend to equate fascism with Hitler and Nazi Germany, and consequently equate fascism with evil, racist, barbaric, capable of executing the Holocaust, and bent on World domination. Most people, even politicians and pundits, put little further thought into it. But fascism was fascism long before the Holocaust, and though Hitler’s Nazi Germany may have been all of those evil things, such a simplistic definition of fascism prevents us from fully examining its rise and from preventing its future domination of the political landscape.

George Orwell noted in his 1946 essay, Politics and the English Language, “The word fascism has now no meaning except so far as it signifies ‘something not desirable.'” Stanley G.Payne, considered by many to be the leading living scholar of fascism, wrote in 1995, “fascism remains probably the vaguest of the major political terms.”

Fascism Dubbed Right-Wing by the Far Left
Fascism is only right-wing in the sense that it is right of far left socialism and communism. Jonah Goldberg says, “From the beginning, fascism was dubbed as right-wing not because it necessarily was right-wing but because the communist left thought this was the best way to punish apostasy.” You see, Nazism and Fascism was right-wing socialism, but still socialism. Goldberg further states, “What I am mainly trying to do is to dismantle the granitelike assumption in our political culture that American conservatism is an offshoot or cousin of fascism…Many of the ideas and impulses that inform what we call liberalism come to us through an intellectual tradition [progressivism] that led directly to fascism.”

Italian Fascism Strikingly Similar to Modern Liberalism
Mussolini was a life-long socialist. His first job was as an editor of a socialist newspaper called “Avanti” (Forward). Said Mussolini, “I am and always will be a socialist.” During his execution at the hands of a band of communists, Mussolini’s mistress allegedly dove in front of her lover and shouted “Long live Mussolini! Long live Socialism!” Here are some highlights from Mussolini’s Fascist party platform (notice how objectively left-wing these points are):

  • Expropriating land from owners and giving them to farmers’ cooperatives.
  • The obligation of the state to build “rigidly secular” schools.
  • “A large progressive tax on capital that would amount to a one-time partial expropriation of all riches.”
  • “The seizure of all goods belonging to religious congregations.”
  • The “sequestration of 85% of all war profits” by the government.
  • The nationalization of all arms and explosives industries.

Hitler Was No Conservative
“To suggest that Hitler was a conservative in any sense related to American conservatism is lunacy. American conservatives seek to preserve both traditional values and the classical liberal creed [personal freedom or today’s libertarianism] enshrined in the Constitution. American conservatism straddles these two distinct but overlapping libertarian and traditionalist strains, whereas Hitler despised both.” Here are some of the tenets of Hitler’s Nazi party (again, very left-wing socialist in nature):

  • Providing a guaranteed livelihood for all citizens
  • The nationalization of trusts
  • Expanded old-age pensions
  • “Communalization of department stores”
  • Requiring businesses to share profits with laborers
  • Click here to see the full Nazi Party Platform

American Liberalism: An Embarrassing Family Resemblance to Fascism
As you can see above, though liberalism “is hardly identical to her uglier relations [fascism], she nonetheless carries an embarrassing family resemblance that few will admit to recognize.” Jonah Goldberg further says that, “Fascism, properly understood, is not a phenomenon of the right at all. Instead, it is, and always has been, a phenomenon of the left. This fact–an inconvenient truth if there ever was one.”

Jonah Goldberg says what unites liberalism and fascism is “the need for an all-powerful state to coordinate society at the national or global level.” Such was the case with FDR’s New Deal; even left-wing historians grudgingly admit that “many of his ideas and policies were indistinguishable from fascism.” Said Rexford Guy Tugwell, an influential member of FDR’s Brain Trust, of Italian Fascism, “It’s the cleanest, neatest, most efficiently operating piece of social machinery I’ve ever seen. It makes me envious.”

H. G. Wells minted the term liberal fascism. Like many other progressive of the early 1900s, Wells was envious of the supposed success of the Italian Fascists and the Communist Russians, and was anxious for such political thought to take root in America. He said, “I’m asking for a Liberal Fascisti, for enlightened Nazis.” What he wanted fascism with a smile on its face, which explains the cover of Jonah Goldberg’s book.

Modern Liberal Fascism
Goldberg goes on to further explain how modern liberal constituent groups, such as environmentalists, employ fascist tactics. “Environmentalism gives license to the sort of moral bullying and intrusion that, were it couched in terms of traditional morality, liberals would immediately denounce as fascist.”

Fascism is nationalistic and militaristic in nature. And we see both of these tendencies from today’s liberal left. Maxine Waters, Democrat Congresswoman from California, just last year threatened to nationalize the U.S. oil industry (this link takes you to the YouTube video of it). And liberals show their militarist nature when all of their causes tend to be “wars” and constant crisis: the war on poverty, the war on drugs, the current economic “crisis”, the global warming “crisis”, etc.

Beware of Liberals Eroding Our Freedoms
Now that we have come to an understanding of what fascism is and its prevalence in American society today, let’s stand up and defeat it. The threat may not be coming in the form of tanks and armies of brown shirts; it may be a far friendly fascism as Goldberg indicates. “If there is ever a fascist takeover in America, it will come not in the form of storm troopers kicking down doors but with lawyers and social workers saying, ‘I’m from the government and I’m here to help.'” Richard Weaver made a similar statement years ago: “The past shows unvaryingly that when a people’s freedom disappears, it goes not with a bang, but in silence amid the comfort of being cared for. That is the dire peril in the present trend toward statism.”

2 replies
  1. Susan Campoccio
    Susan Campoccio says:

    hmm. I understand it differently…as a system that is controlled by corporate interests for an elite at the expense of the rest of the people, with the use of the military to enforce its hold.: it includes no freedom of the press, free speech, nor action, nor contradictory ideas or dialogue allowed…eventual enslavement of most persons to serve the interest of the elite, what ever that might be. That is not socialism. Socialism is having mechanisms in control that limit the power of the elite, and provide for the betterment of all citizens. That would be democratic socialism. China is not socialist, Russia was not socialist. A Dictatorship whether by a party or person( communist or otherwise) is not socialist. Hitler’s Germany was not socialist,no matter what they called themselves. Socialism is with the informed consent of the citizens.( I don’t say governed, because the citizens should be the ones governing.) What we have in America at this time, is a system leaning toward fascism…..

    Reply
  2. Gunther Schadow
    Gunther Schadow says:

    Susan “understands it differently” because that is the orthodoxy, that “Fascism is a system that is controlled by corporate interests for an elite at the expense of the rest of the people, with the use of the military to enforce its hold.” Instead of parroting this “definition” it may be worthwhile to either look at history to see the truth, i.e., that Mussolini was a Socialist and Hitler and the NSDAP too was a Socialist, not just in name, but in belief, doctrine and action. Mussolini was extremely well liked in the entire Socialist world including Woodrow Wilson and Franklin D. Roosevelt.

    Socialism is with the informed consent of citizens? What a load of bollocks! This Susan thinks that Lenin, Trotsky or let alone Stalin got informed consent of citizens?

    If parroting these orthodox definition, one should at least take responsibility and wonder where does this odd description come from? Well? It’s dictate from Moscow. Mussolini was labeled “right wing” by Moscow because he turned Socialism National and was for Italy’s entry into WWI. But make no mistake, the Nationalistic form of Socialism, called National Socialism, was hugely popular in the west, Italy, Germany of course, and yes, USA was the first, the Wilson War Socialism, complete with censorship, secret police, and persecution of dissidents.

    Learn the truth instead of propagating propaganda.

    Reply

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